3 techniques to planning a speech

Updated: May 4, 2019

We all get the jitters when thinking of speaking in a crowd. Fret not as I share with you three simple steps to being well prepared.

He looks confident, doesn't he?

Public speaking is key in many situations such as family gatherings, business meetings, client proposals, friends' weddings and many more than you can imagine!

If you are born a bad speaker, it is not your fault, but if you die a bad speaker, it is definitely your fault......

Therefore, challenge yourself to improve as public speaking is a universal skill that anyone from various backgrounds can learn.


1. Know your audience

What we want to say is important, but more importantly is the crowd we are speaking to. For example, if the crowd is below 18, there is a level of maturity and language you should be aware of. If the crowd is young adults, then the mood, topic and language will differ. Also, know your background in relation to the majority of your audience. It is key to not stress on sensitive topics such as sex, religion and politics. if necessary, ensure it is done in good humour. The people coming to hear you want to feel appreciated and that they have a take home message from your speech. All in all, be yourself when presenting to others!


2. Structure is key

If you fail to plan, you plan to fail is the old adage we live by! This cannot be more true as speeches require clarity thinking even before writing your draft. So, begin by brainstorming either by yourself or with friends and family to get your creative juices flowing. Next, write or type your ideas into 3 parts: introduction, body (2-3 main points) and conclusion. With a clear overview of your speech, go into a more detailed approach like creating a strong opening sentence, signposting your main topics, subtopics, the crux of the story, climax part and eventually a powerful take home message to your audience!


3. Practise, practise, practise

With a clear game plan in place, you are now with a speech but just like anyone doing something for the first time, there is bound to be room for improvement. It is vital to have a few rounds of practice to ensure your delivery is to the best of your ability. Speaking in front of a mirror is one way to study your body language. Besides, you can record yourself to improve your voice intonation and vocal variety. If you have a trusted peer, they can be your test audience to give instant feedback before the real show. Whatever choice of practise, always strive to give the best during your turn to speak!

My friends, we can all speak well if we set our mind and heart to it. Let's live to become confident speakers in our life!
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